Arthur Bispo do Rosário (Japaratuba, Sergipe, 1911 - Rio de Janeiro, 1989). Visual artist. Moved to Rio de Janeiro in 1925, where he served in the Brazilian Navy and the electric utility, Light. In 1938, after a mystical delirium, he presented himself to a monastery, which sent him to the Hospital dos Alienados in the suburb of Praia Vermelha. Diagnosed as a paranoid schizophrenic (it´s a kind of psychosis), he was admitted to the Colônia Juliano Moreira, in the suburb of Jacarepaguá, in Rio de Janeiro. Between 1940 and 1960, he spent alternating periods at the hospice and carrying out tasks in various Rio households. At the start of the 1960s, he was working in the Amiu Paediatric Clinic, where lived in an attic room. While there, he began his works, making various miniatures out of rudimentary materials, such as warships or cars, as well as various embroideries. In 1964, he returned to the Colônia, where he remained until his death. He created around 1,000 pieces using everyday objects such as clothes and embroidered sheets. In 1980, a feature by Samuel Wainer Filho for TV Globo’s Fantástico programme showed Bispo’s output. Two years later, the art critic Frederico Morais included his work in the exhibition À Margem da Vida [At the Edge of Life], at the Rio de Janeiro Museum of Modern Art (MAM/RJ). The artist was featured in various short and medium-length films, in books such as Arthur Bispo do Rosário: o Senhor do Labirinto [Arthur Bispo do Rosário; Lord of the Labyrinth], by Luciana Hidalgo; as well as in plays for the theatre. In 1989, the Artists’ Association of the Colônia Juliano Moreira was founded with a view to preserving his work, which was listed in 1992 by the State Institute of Artistic and Cultural Heritage (Inepac). His output has been collected at the Bispo do Rosário Museum, formerly known as the Nise da Silveira Museum, located in the former Colônia Juliano Moreira.
Some works of Bispo:
(Veleiros/Sailboats - 90x60x36 cm)
(Manto de Apresentação/Apresentation Mantle - 118x141x20 cm)
(Estandarte/Standard -245x130 cm)